The Jamaican government is set to demand billions of pounds in reparations over the slave trade, and will send a petition directly to the Queen from the country’s attorney general in order to initiate the request.
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The UK formerly abolished slavery in 1834, after which former slave owners were paid 20 million pounds – a large sum at the time.
Jamaica’s petition is based on a private motion from Jamaican lawmaker Mike Henry, who says the country is owed some 7.6 billion pounds (US$10.5 billion), which he calculated to be roughly equivalent to the payout UK slave owners received nearly 200 years ago.
“We are hoping for reparatory justice in all forms that one would expect if they are to really ensure that we get justice from injustices to repair the damages that our ancestors experienced,” said Culture minister Olivia Grange as reported by Reuters.
“Our African ancestors were forcibly removed from their home and suffered unparalleled atrocities in Africa to carry out forced labour to the benefit of the British Empire.”
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“Redress is well overdue,” she added.
Jamaica was a centre of the slave trade, with the Spanish, then the British, forcibly transporting Africans to work on plantations of sugar cane, bananas and other crops that created fortunes for many of their owners.
An estimated 600,000 Africans were shipped to toil in Jamaica, according to the National Library of Jamaica.
Seized from Spain by the English in 1655, Jamaica was a British colony until it became independent in 1962. The West Indian country of almost three million people is part of the Commonwealth and the British monarch remains head of state.
“I am asking for the same amount of money to be paid to the slaves that was paid to the slave owners,” said Henry, the petitioner and a member of the ruling Jamaica Labor Party, adding “I am doing this because I have fought against this all my life, against chattel slavery which has dehumanized human life.”
The petition, with approval from Jamaica’s National Council on Reparations, will be filed pending advice from the attorney general and three legal teams, Grange said. The attorney general will then send it to Britain’s Queen Elizabeth, she added.
The initiative follows growing acknowledgement in some quarters of the role played by slavery in generating wealth in Britain, with businesses and seats of learning pledging financial contributions in compensation.
They include insurance market Lloyd’s of London, pub owner Greene King and the University of Glasgow.
Shocking new evidence has suggest that even the founders of the New York Times were slaveowners and even traded in minors.
Even, the ancestor of US Vice President Kamala Harris was the infamous white slave owner in Jamaica, Hamilton Brown.
Earlier this year, the Dutch government had promised to return all stolen colonial era objects to their countries of origin.
Completely retarded move from jamaica
a bootlick and a coon – that’s what you is.
Wow, I am Irish and I want my share from those nasty limeys, don’t give it all to Jamaica
What about Africa’s role in the slave trade. Aricans’ sold other Africans” thats like saying a pimp is less culpable than a john.
The West Indies were built on the back of WHITE SLAVES..
The Limeys did not control the British Empire, the Jewish International Bankers did and still do or had you not noticed? And blame the English for everything as they control the Worlds media.
Oh and Dublin was founded on Slave Trade of the the English that were kidnapped.Saint Patrick was an English Slave.
A few months after the first shipment of children, the first African slaves were shipped to Virginia. Interestingly, no American market existed for African slaves until late in the 17th century. Until then, black slave traders typically took their cargo to Bermuda. England’s poor were the colonies’ preferred source of slave labor, even though Europeans were more likely than Africans to die an early death in the fields. Slave owners had a greater interest in keeping African slaves alive because they represented a more significant investment. Black slaves received better treatment than Europeans on plantations, as they were viewed as valuable, lifelong property rather than indentured servants with a specific term of service.
More whites brought as slaves to North Africa than blacks to US.
A child born to a female redemptioner could become the property of her owner and the mother’s term extended. For example, George Cummins had the indenture of his white servant woman named Christian Finney extended by a year and her child bound for thirty-one years by order of the Carteret County Count on December 7, 1736. When she applied to the court for her freedom on June 9, 1744, the court ruled that she serve another five months to pay for the cost incurred by her owner to bring the earlier action. When she applied again 6 months later, she was ordered to serve an additional year for having a “Mulatto Child in the time of her servitude.”
Blacks and Indians came to own, and abuse, whites in Virginia in such large numbers that in 1670 the House of Burgesses (legislature) proclaimed that ” . . . noe negro or Indian though baptyised and enjoyned their own ffreedome shall be capable of any purchase of christians, but yet not debarred from buying any of their own nation.” [Original spelling.] “Christian” was a euphemism of the period for Caucasian. Virginia’s Slave Code of 1705 provided: “That no negroes, mulattos, Indians, although christians, ore Jew, Moore, Mahometans, or other infidels, shall at any time, purchase any Christian, nor any other, except of their own complexion, or such as are declared slaves by this act.” “
Poll: 52% of Jewish Israelis say illegal African migrants a ‘cancer’
Answered March 29, 2018 ·
In 1840, 57% of the working-class children of Manchester died before their fifth birthday, compared with 32% in rural districts. Whereas a farm labourer in Rutland had a life-expectancy of 38, a factory worker in Liverpool had an average age of death of 15.
Life in Britain in the 19th Century
PS: that means a worker class person lived to 35 on average if he/she survived infancy
Ulrich B. Phillips, Life and Labor in the Old South explains that white enslavement was crucial to the development of the Negro slave system. The system set up for the white slaves governed, organized and controlled the system for the black slaves. Black slaves were “late comers fitted into a system already developed.” Pp 25-26. John Pory declared in 1619, “white slaves are our principle wealth.”
People from the British Isles were kidnapped, put in chains and crammed into ships that transported hundreds of them at a time. Their destination was Virginia Boston, New York, Barbados and the West Indies. The white slaves were treated the same or worse than the black slave. The white slave did not fetch a good price at the auction blocks. Bridenbaugh wrote in his accounting on page 118, that having paid a bigger price for the Negro, the planters treated the black better than they did their “Christian” white servant. Even the Negroes recognized this and did not hesitate to show their contempt for those white men who, they could see, were worse off than themselves.
The white slave did not fetch a good price at the auction blocks. Bridenbaugh wrote in his accounting on page 118, that having paid a bigger price for the Negro, the planters treated the black better than they did their “Christian” white servant. Even the Negroes recognized this and did not hesitate to show their contempt for those white men who, they could see, were worse off than themselves.
Muslim and Jewish slave trade and castration of the Slavs in the Middle AgesIn 1996, the Moscow publishing house, published work of famous Swiss Orientalist Adam Metz Muslim Renaissance.In this book, only a few pages are quite remarkable information about the history of the slave trade in medieval Europe. It turns out, there was a slave and who would have thought that doing it, mostly representatives of the _persecuted and the long-suffering people _!In Europe, the slave trade was almost entirely Jewish. Goods come mainly from East Slavic lands. Bishop Agobard of Lyon (IX century AD.) mentions in his book (De insolentia Iudaeorum), number of cases where Jews kidnapped Christian Franks children, or evenreceived from Christian children for sale and sold them to the Spanish Muslims.Trafficking in slaves is connected, apparently, the resettlement of Jews in the city of Magdeburg vostochnosaksonskom [Caro, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, I, str.191].During the transportation of slaves slave traders robbed in good faith, at least the Germans; For example, the Customs Code of g.Koblentsa required on each head a slave to 4 pence, and the Bishop g.Hura in Switzerland are levied on the customs outpost in Vallenshtadte 2 dinars.
In the X century, Prague was the center of the slave trade. St. Adalbert resigned from in 989 bishop of Prague because was not able to buy all the Christians purchased by a Jewish merchant [Caro, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, I, str.191].
Jewish merchants brought Slavic slaves in Muslim countries. Women and girls were intended concubines in harems, and a young man, after castration, to the eunuchs.
According to the laws of Islam and Muslims is forbidden castration provided this work to Jewish doctors. Medieval Arab historian al-Muqaddasi writes that the main supplier of white eunuchs in Muslim harems were “Slavs, a country that lies behind the Khorezm; castrate them, and then are transported to Egypt. «
Slavs brought to the Spanish cities, populated by Jews, and that they were castrated.
Jews in the Frankish empire also practiced castration, and little known
used in this respect the Jews of Verdun [Dozy, Gesch. der Mauren, 2, p.38]
As for the operation itself says castration medieval Arab historian Ibn al-Athir:
«At the time of castration skrotum cut up and removed the testicles. Often, during this operation,
boy is frightened and one testicle goes up. Doctor-Jew looking for him, but do not always find it
possible, and then drop it when the cut is zarubtsuetsya.
If it’s left testicle, then the eunuch will libido and sperm, and if it is right,
then grows his beard «[Ibn al-Athir, IX, page 39].
Only a small portion of the slaves survived after such an operation, but the survivors were very expensive.
“We, the Jewish people, control America, and the Americans know it.” — Israel Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, October 3, 2001
“I don’t care if Americans think we’re running the news media, Hollywood, Wall Street or the government,” Jewish columnist Joel Stein wrote in the Los Angeles Times in December 2008. “I just care that we get to keep running them.”
Mr Stein’s reckless candor in admitting that the Jews ran America was to cost him his job at the LA Times.
If Americans have lost their country to organized Jewry, they lost it slowly and imperceptibly. Indeed, most Americans remain unaware that their country no longer belongs to them. They fervently believe they still live in a democracy. This was a takeover not without precedent, however. It had happened to Germany. It had happened to Russia. It has now happened to America.