The Man Who Sees The World Upside Down

A man named Patient M by 28-year-old doctor Justo Gonzalo, who attended to his wounds in the military hospital, saw the world upside down after being shot in the head during the Spanish Civil War in 1938.

After being shot in the head during the Spanish Civil War in 1938, a 25-year-old man began to see parts of the world upside down. 85 years after that incident, researchers are now revisiting the unique neurological case.

The soldier, who survived the bullet injury was named Patient M by 28-year-old doctor Justo Gonzalo, who attended to his wounds in the military hospital.

What made this case unique was that post his injury, he began to see the objects in front of him upside down when his body was in a particular position. Analysis revealed that the bullet destroyed the ridges on his cerebral cortex, which is responsible for emotions, consciousness, and functions related to senses, but miraculously Patient M survived.

Patient M
Cranial scars from the entrance and exit of the projectile on Patient M’s head. (Photo: I. Gonzalo-Fonrodona)

Researchers have now revisited the strange neurological case when the patient began to see people and objects upside down when in a particular position. The details have been published in the journal Neurologia.

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Whenever Patient M’s body would be at rest, without any movement, he would start seeing an inverted world with a greenish tinge in his vision. His auditory and tactile perceptions were also inverted, meaning that the sounds he heard and things he felt were being heard and felt in directions opposite to where they were coming from or located.

According to a grammar analysis conducted by the Boston Public Health Commission, a mere two-mile distance between Back Bay and Nubian Square in Roxbury results in a 23-year difference in life expectancy in Boston.

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