Researchers have created a highly realistic model of the activities that occur outside the event horizon using three supercomputer clusters, solving the mystery of black holes.
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According to experts, a computer simulation of a black hole has indicated that magnetic fields are responsible for the huge flares that occasionally erupt from celestial objects, according to a study published last month.
The bright-light bursts of previously unknown origin that erupted just outside a black hole’s event horizon were created by enormous surrounding magnetic fields, according to study co-led by Dr. Bart Ripperda of the Flatiron Institute in New York City. Although the phenomena has been known for quite some time, the researchers were able to gain a better understanding of its nature thanks to computer simulations.
The findings were first published in the Astrophysical Journal Letter of the American Astronomical Society on January 14th.
The researchers created a highly realistic model of the activities that occur outside the event horizon using three supercomputer clusters. According to a statement from the Flatiron Institute’s Center for Computational Astrophysics (CCA), this allowed them to achieve images with a resolution 1,000 times higher than previously feasible.
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Dr. Ripperda, a joint postdoctoral fellow at CCA and Princeton University, further added,“The fundamental process of reconnecting magnetic field lines near the event horizon can tap the magnetic energy of the black hole’s magnetosphere to power rapid and bright flares.” This topic, according to Ripperda, integrates plasma physics with astrophysics.
The research group remains hopeful that the data from the James Webb Space Telescope, which was launched in December, as well as the Event Horizon Telescope program, would validate the process depicted in the new simulations, and that they would continue to improve the models with more details.