Nick Anthony, a policy analyst at the Center for Monetary and Financial Alternatives of the Cato Institute, tweeted in response to the IMF executive’s remarks that CBDC would let governments control what people spend money on.
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) may enable a government to regulate how citizens spend their hard-earned money.
Deputy Managing Director Bo Li stated that a CBDC may enhance “financial inclusion” through programmability on October 15 at the IMF-World Bank annual meeting.
“A CBDC can allow government agencies and private sector players to program, to create smart contracts, to allow targeted policy functions,” Li explained. “For example, welfare payments, for example, consumption coupons, for example, food stamps.”
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“By programming CBDC, that money can be precisely targeted for what kind of people can own [CBDC] and for what kind of use this money can be utilized, for example for food.”
Li, who started as the IMF’s deputy managing director on August 23, 2021, continued by saying that by enabling the government to address the needs of the people specifically, this will allow the government to “improve financial inclusion.”
Nick Anthony, a policy analyst at the Center for Monetary and Financial Alternatives of the Cato Institute, was one expert who quickly reacted to his remarks.
A CBDC would allow the government to precisely control what people can and cannot spend their money on,” Anthony commented on Twitter in response to the IMF executive’s remarks.
According to the IMF’s official website, Li spent a significant amount of time working for the People’s Bank of China before joining the organisation.
‘I Don’t See How Americans Would Want This’
Anthony quoted Neel Kashkari, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, in a subsequent tweet, writing: “I can see how China is for this. I don’t see how Americans would want this.”
As an example, Anthony cited Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s decision to freeze the bank accounts of COVID-19 vaccine mandate protesters earlier this year as evidence that “governments have a historical pattern of misusing these tools.”
Nearly 90% of national central banks intend to provide their own CBDCs to the general public, according to a May report (pdf below) from the Bank of International Settlements (BIS).
This includes the United States, which is now considering the possibility of releasing such a digital currency. Officials have cited a number of purported advantages, including the promotion of economic growth, efficient and affordable transactions, and greater access to the financial system.
However, critics worry that CBDCs will strengthen governmental control over money, which could be used as a tool for financial discrimination. They also worry that tracking purchases and limiting access to funds will undermine decentralisation, one of the main advantages of integrating cryptocurrencies.
General Manager of the BIS Agustin Carstens stated that in 2021, central banks would have “absolute control over the rules and regulations that will determine the use of that expression of central bank liability, and then will also have the technology to enforce that.”
Last month, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said that a CBDC would not be anonymous and would require identity verification, implying that information about its activities would be made public.
At the same Banque de France event on September 27, the European Central Bank (ECB) repeated Powell’s comments, saying: “There would not be complete anonymity as there is with … bank notes.”
Nevertheless, Lagarde continued, “there would be a limited level of disclosure and certainly not at the level of the central bank.”
Read the report given below: