According to SPIEGEL information, high explosive devices equivalent to 500 kilogrammes of TNT were used to destroy Nord Stream.
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The Nord Stream pipelines in the Baltic Sea were reportedly destroyed using “highly effective explosive devices,” according to a report in the German newspaper Der Spiegel.
According to SPIEGEL information, it was calculated that explosive devices with an effect comparable to that of 500 kilograms of TNT must have been used to destroy the tubes. The seismic signals registered by various measuring stations were also included in the estimate.
The previously unknown estimates support the assumption that only a state actor can be behind the action. So far, the federal government has held back with speculation about the background to the interruption of the pipelines.
There is a lot of speculation that Russia is behind the action. The Russian leadership, however, described the process as international terrorism directed against Russia.
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The federal government is hoping for more information from a more detailed examination of the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines, which are interrupted to the north-east and south-east of the Baltic Sea island of Bornholm. In security circles it was said that divers or a remote-controlled robot could possibly assess the damage at the weekend.
In the best-case scenario, one could then draw initial conclusions about the type of explosion under water and the explosives used, according to security circles. However, it is difficult to predict how many traces can still be found. — Der Spiegel
The explosions were so powerful that the Swedish National Seismic Network recorded two earthquakes with magnitudes of 1.9 and 2.3, respectively.
Two powerful underwater explosions were detected on Monday in the same area of sea as the Nord Stream gas leaks, according to the Swedish National Seismic Network.
The monitoring network said the first explosion occurred on Monday at 2:03 a.m. Swedish time with a magnitude of 1.9 on the Richter scale, followed by a second at 7:04 p.m. on the same day with a magnitude of 2.3.
According to Bloomberg’s Javier Blas, NS1 and NS2 were made of steel that was inches thick and covered in tonnes of concrete on each segment. This gives you a sense of how much material the bombs had to cut through to damage the tubes. Each tube is “very strong,” according to Blas.
Why did the CIA alert Germany to an attack on Nord Stream weeks in advance is what got our attention.
Now, Nord Stream’s attack has been dubbed “sabotage” by NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, who also promised a “determined response.”
Jens Stoltenberg, the secretary-general of NATO, was quoted by Reuters on Thursday as saying that attacks on vital infrastructure in the EU will be faced with a “determined response.” He called the acts “sabotage. “
“All currently available information indicates that this is the result of deliberate, reckless, and irresponsible acts of sabotage.
“We, as Allies, have committed to prepare for, deter and defend against the coercive use of energy and other hybrid tactics by state and non-state actors. Any deliberate attack against Allies’ critical infrastructure would be met with a united and determined response,” a statement from the North Atlantic Council (NATO) read.
Stoltenberg tweeted separately:
Neither NATO nor Stoltenberg identified the perpetrator of the pipeline attacks, while some EU officials have put Russia on the list.
No explanation was given as to how NATO “arrived at its assessment that the damage, which it said has caused substantial environmental fallout and shipping disruptions, resulted from the intentional attack,” according to WSJ.
With Russian President Vladimir Putin’s decision to annex portions of eastern Ukraine, tensions between Russia and the West have significantly increased as a result of NATO’s statement.
Below are more details regarding the fourth Nord Stream leak.
According to Reuters, the damaged Nord Stream pipeline system in the Baltic Sea saw a new leak on Thursday. Sweden’s coastguard confirmed this. There are now a total of four leaks that have been releasing natural gas into the lake since Monday. Add this to the other three leaks.
“Two of these four are in Sweden’s exclusive economic zone,” coast guard spokesperson Jenny Larsson told Svenska Dagbladet newspaper. He said the other two are situated in the Danish exclusive economic zone.
Over the damaged pipelines in Sweden’s economic zone, there are two enormous gas bubbles visible on the surface of the Baltic. The diameter of one gas bubble is an astounding 2,950 feet, while that of the other is roughly 600 feet.
The incident has been referred to as “deliberate” and “sabotage” by a number of EU leaders, with Finland claiming that only a state actor was capable of the pipeline attack.
The tension in the Baltic region is increasing daily as a result of increased security at energy infrastructure sites, land terminals, and platforms on the Norwegian continental shelf by Norway, which just displaced Russia as Europe’s top natural gas supplier. Unidentified drones were reportedly seen swarming oil rigs.
In response to Russia’s request, the UN Security Council will convene on Friday to assess the harm done to NS1 and NS2. As Washington “insists on the need for a comprehensive and objective examination of the circumstances of the unprecedented attacks on Russian pipelines,” the US embassy in Russia requested the meeting.
According to Reuters, the embassy stated on its Telegram channel that the US uses “non-market methods and sanctions” to “squeeze out” Russian oil companies from the international energy market.
According to Interfax, the Nord Stream incident is being looked into as part of a “international terrorism” investigation.
NS1 doesn’t currently seem like it will be functioning anytime soon (NS2 was never operational though filled with gas). Prior to this winter and the decrease in NS1 capacity, the EU obtained roughly 40% of its natural gas through pipelines from Russia; according to Bloomberg, this percentage is now closer to 9%.