The Anthropological Survey of India (ANSI) intends to utilize direct re-sequencing of haploid genomes to better comprehend the genetic diversity of Indian populations across various ethnic groups in various parts of India. The culture ministry is set to study the ‘racial purity’ of Indians.
Must Watch: Would you live on 3D Printed Mars for a year for $60,000?
The Ministry of Culture is collecting a variety of DNA profiling kits and accompanying cutting-edge machinery in order to establish genetic background and “trace the purity of races in India.”
The acquisition process started recently, according to government sources, just after a meeting between Ministry of Culture Secretary Govind Mohan and well-known archaeologist Professor Vasant S Shinde, as well as high ranking researchers and scholars from the Lucknow-based Birbal Sahani Institute of Paleosciences (BSIP) in Hyderabad two months ago, reports The New Indian Express.
Shinde is a director of the Rakhigarhi Research Project and an adjunct professor at Bangalore’s National Institute of Advanced Study. Prof Shinde, the founder of the Society of South Asian Archaeology, is known for his work on “DNA analysis and craniofacial reconstruction of Harappan People.”
Prof Shinde acknowledged that the devices were in the midst of being obtained when reached by phone. He said, “We want to see how mutation and mixing of genes in the Indian population has happened in the last 10,000 years.
Subscribe to GreatGameIndia
Genetic mutation depends on the intensity of contact among populations and the time that this process takes. We will then have a clear-cut idea of the genetic history. You may even say that this will be an effort to trace the purity of races in India.”
The Anthropological Survey of India (ANSI) in Kolkata, which has “of late” voiced “disinclination” to continue with the exercise to identify the genetic roots of early Indians because the topic is “politically loaded,” is also a part of this initiative, which was first envisaged in 2019.
According to reports, a budget of ’10 crore has been set aside for the purchase of DNA profilers and other scientific equipment. The goal is to “develop a resource of cell lines and DNA samples that can be used to study DNA sequence polymorphism in contemporary Indian populations,” according to the ANSI.
More pertinently, the ANSI aims to “establish (the) Indian role in the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa,” because “modern humans could have taken the ‘southern route of dispersal’, utilising the coastlines to travel from Africa, through Arabia, across the Indian subcontinent and then into South-East Asia and finally into Australia.”
Second, the ANSI intends to utilize direct re-sequencing of haploid genomes to better comprehend the genetic diversity of Indian populations across various ethnic groups in various parts of India.
According to the ANSI, 75 localities were researched as part of this test, with 7,807 blood samples collected from around the nation. Jarawa, Nicobarese, Andh, Kathodi, Madia, Malpaharia, Munda, Bhoi Khasi, Nihal, Toto, Dirang Monpa, Paitei, Lepcha, and a variety of other communities are among them.