According to Pew Research Center data, the fertility rates in India have fallen across all religious groups, with the difference between Hindu and Muslim birth rates shrinking, going from a third to a quarter more births among the latter demographic.
India surpassed China as the biggest nation this year, but its fertility rates have been rapidly declining for years.
In actuality, India has already started to experience the reverse population growth that was visible in China this year.
As said, by 2019, there were only 2.0 children born to every Indian woman. The population needs 2.1 births per woman to be constant.
All religious groups’ birth rates have been falling, making them more similar overall, according to Pew Research Center data.
Subscribe to GreatGameIndia
In India, Muslim women have traditionally had more children than other women, although the difference between Hindu and Muslim birth rates has been shrinking, going from a third to a quarter more births among the latter demographic.
India’s population can continue to expand while life expectancy is still rising quite swiftly, but if this trend slows down in the future, population growth will eventually stop.
Data from Our World in Data shows that fertility rates have been continuously declining globally for the past half-century.
India is anticipated to retain its position as the largest nation in the world for the remainder of this century, although Nigeria may eventually overtake it.